Senior Researcher, International Security Studies, Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy
Dr. Itamara Lochard is a Senior Researcher of International Security Studies at the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, a certified mediator and U.S. Department of Defense Information Operations expert. Her work has been featured at various NATO and UN-sponsored fora as well as at the Office of the Secretary of Defense Highlands Forum.
Dr. Itamara Lochard is the Senior Researcher of International Security Studies at the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, a certified mediator and U.S. Department of Defense Information Operations expert. Her work has been featured at various NATO and UN-sponsored fora as well as at the Office of the Secretary of Defense Highlands Forum. She regularly briefs/advises U.S. combatant commanders presenting current research on her dataset of ~1,750 non-state groups of 1,000 or more members, including insurgents, terrorists, militias, criminal organizations, organized gangs and malicious cyber actors. She has examined the para-state functions of sub-state groups since the early 1990s, most notably at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Stanford University’s International Institute of Studies and the Jebsen Center for Counter-Terrorism Studies.
In order to address the dearth in the literature on these groups’ activities and locales, she began statistically tracking them in 2003, correlating them with governance and other metrics from 1996 to the present. From these data, a mosaic of these sub-state groups’ strategies, tactics, organizational structures, areas of cooperation, use of technology, strategic communication and impact on conflict emerges on which she speaks, teaches and writes.
Dr. Lochard works closely with NATO Centers of Excellence on cyber in Estonia, HUMINT in Romania and counter-terrorism in Turkey, as well as with the Center for Technology and National Security Policy and the Center for Complex Operations at National Defense University. In 2008, she created an Advanced Irregular War module for senior-level, U.S. Special Forces at Joint Special Operations University (JSOU) to address 21st century challenges.
In addition to instructing graduate students and military fellows at the Fletcher School, JSOU and NATO venues, she has also taught executive training courses to mid- to senior-level, political-military officers of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Republic Armenia and the Critical National Infrastructure Authority of United Arab Emirates. For several years, Dr. Lochard also served as a contributing editor to Princeton University’s “Journal of Public & International Affairs.”
She has participated in all EUCOM-funded computer network operation familiarization exercises in the Republics of Georgia and Estonia. Moreover, she commanded one of the first U.S. civilian cyber units at the defense force rank of Colonel until May 2011, drafting the core proposal upon which the current unit exists. In addition to being the recipient of multiple fellowships and grants, Dr. Lochard was awarded a Medal of Honor for Special Services from the Cyber Defense Forces of the Republic of Estonia in June 2011.
Ph.D., International Relations Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy
Master of Arts in Law & Diplomacy Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy
Master of Arts, International Policy Studies Stanford University
Master of Arts, Latin American Studies Stanford University
Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service Georgetown University
Certified Mediator Mediation Works, Inc.
Areas of Expertise:
Large non-state armed groups
Governance issues and legitimacy of sub-state actors
Conflict and conflict resolution involving sub-state actors
Role of technology/cyber in conflict and conflict resolution
Strategic communication for 21st century dynamics
To contact Dr. Lochard, click here.